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Canadian toy technical regulations and testing standards Release Time:2021-12-06

CCPSA is a safety act for all consumer products, which was formally implemented on June 20, 2011. It is applicable to products obtained under reasonable circumstances for non-commercial purposes

1. Canadian Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)

CCPSA is a safety act for all consumer products, which was formally implemented on June 20, 2011. It is applicable to products obtained under reasonable circumstances for non-commercial purposes, such as products for household, entertainment and sports. But it is not applicable to certain products that should fall within the scope of the definition of "consumer goods", including explosives, cosmetics, medicines, food, medical devices, and ammunition. These products are governed by other laws. Toy products fall under the jurisdiction of CCPSA.


Canadian technical regulations usually include Acts and Regulations. The Act sets out basic requirements and the Regulations are based on the Act to formulate technical requirements and technical details for specific products. The Canadian Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA) currently contains the following regulations:


Table 1 Regulations established under the Canadian Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)


Administrative Monetary Penalties (Consumer Products)   Regulations(SOR/2013-101)

Candles   Regulations (SOR/2016-165)            

Carbonated Beverage Glass Containers   Regulations



Carriages   and Strollers Regulations (SOR/2016-167)  


Cellulose   Fibre Insulation Regulations (SOR/2016-177)


Charcoal   Regulations (SOR/2016-178)                    

Children’s Jewellery Regulations [Not   in force]


Children’s Sleepwear Regulations (SOR/2016-169)   


Cigarette Ignition Propensity   (Consumer Products) Regulations (SOR/2016-103)


Consumer Chemicals and Containers   Regulations, 2001 (SOR/2001-269)   


Consumer Products Containing Lead   Regulations (SOR/2018-83)

Corded Window Covering Regulations (SOR/2019-97)


Cribs,   Cradles and Bassinets Regulations (SOR/2016-152)

Exemption Regulations (Consumer   Products) (SOR/2015-97)


Expansion Gates and Expandable   Enclosures Regulations (SOR/2016-179)


Face Protectors for Ice Hockey and Box   Lacrosse Players Regulations (SOR/2016-173)


Glass   Doors and Enclosures Regulations (SOR/2016-174)


Glazed Ceramics and Glassware   Regulations (SOR/2016-175)

Ice   Hockey Helmet Regulations (SOR/2016-186)


Kettles   Regulations (SOR/2016-181)


Lighters   Regulations (SOR/2016-187)

Matches   Regulations (SOR/2016-182)


Mattresses   Regulations (SOR/2016-183)


Pacifiers   Regulations (SOR/2016-184)


Phthalates   Regulations (SOR/2016-188)


Playpens   Regulations [Not in force] (SOR/2018-186)


Residential   Detectors Regulations (SOR/2016-190)


Restraint   Systems and Booster Seats for Motor Vehicles Regulations (SOR/2016-191)


Science   Education Sets Regulations (SOR/2016-192)


Surface Coating Materials Regulations   (SOR/2016-193)


Tents   Regulations (SOR/2016-185)


Textile   Flammability Regulations (SOR/2016-194)


Textile   Floor Coverings Regulations (SOR/2016-176)


Toys   Regulations (SOR/2011-17)



一、 Based on CCPSA regulations related to toy products

1. Toys Regulations (SOR/2011-17)

Scope: Products for children under 14 years of age when they study or play.

Main requirements: These regulations include but are not limited to the following requirements: 1. General requirements; 2. Packaging; 3. Electrical hazards; 4. Mechanical hazards; 5. Hearing hazards; 6. Heat and flammable hazards; 7. Toxic hazards; .Special toy requirements, etc.

2. Regulations on Lead in Consumer Products (SOR/2018-83)

On May 2, 2018, Health Canada issued the new regulation SOR/2018-83 on lead in consumer products. The scope and requirements of the new regulations are as follows:


Table 4 SOR/2018-83 scope and requirements


Consumer Products Containing Lead   Regulation (SOR/2018-83)


a.   Products that will come into contact with the user's mouth during normal use,   except for:

(i)   Kitchen utensils;

(ii)   Products subject to the Regulations on Glazed Ceramics and Glassware

b.   Clothing or clothing accessories used by children under the age of 14;

c.   Products for children under 14 to learn or play;

d.   Books or similar printed products used by children under 14 years old, unless   the product:

(i)   Printed on paper or cardboard;

(ii)   Use traditional materials and use traditional methods to print and bind

e.   Products that assist children under 4 to relax, sleep, sanitize or transport.


The   lead content of the accessible parts of the products within the above range   is less than or equal to 90 mg/kg

Exemption   of accessible parts

Lead   is closely related to the basic characteristics of the component;

No   replacement parts with less lead content;

The   lead release amount of the component does not exceed 90 mg/kg.

3. Phthalates Regulation (SOR/2016-188)

The scope and requirements of the Phthalates Regulations (SOR/2016-188) are as follows:

Table 5 SOR/2016-188 scope and requirements


Phthalates Regulation (SOR/2016-188)


a. Learning or playing products (ie toys)   for children under the age of 14;

b. Assist children under 4 years of age   to relax, sleep, hygiene, feeding, sucking or grinding teeth products (ie   child care products).


a. Vinyl   bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and tolyl butyl   phthalate in toys or child care products ( BBP) shall not exceed 1000mg/kg;

b. Diisononyl   phthalate (DINP), diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) and vinyl in any part of toys   or child care products that can be put off by children under four years of   age The content of dioctyl phthalate (DNOP) shall not exceed 1000mg/kg.

4. Surface Coating Materials Regulations (SOR/2016-193)

The regulations on surface coating materials include requirements related to children’s products: the total lead content of the surface coating materials of furniture and other children’s products shall not exceed 90mg/kg; the total lead content of the surface coating materials of pencils and paintbrushes shall not exceed 90mg/kg. The mercury content in surface coating materials shall not exceed 10 mg/kg.


Health Canada's "Product Safety Reference Manual Volume 5 Laboratory Policies and Procedures"


The regulations under CCPSA only establish technical requirements and technical details for specific products, and do not provide testing procedures. The testing procedures are in accordance with Health Canada's Product Safety Reference Manual Volume 5 Laboratory Policies and Procedures. The test procedures related to toy products include: small parts test, sharp tip, sharp edge, abuse test, total soluble metal, total lead, o-benzene, etc. of toy products. The brief introduction is as follows:


Canadian Product Safety Reference Manual Volume 5 Laboratory Policies and   Procedures-Part B

Some test procedures related to toys


small   parts


Sharp   edge


Sharp   point


Foreseeable   reasonable abuse


Flexible   plastic bag film test


Sound pressure   toys,






Burning   performance of dolls, soft toys and soft toys


Determination   of soluble arsenic, selenium, cadmium, antimony and barium content in surface   coating

C02. Series   standards

Total   lead in consumer products Determination of total cadmium content


Test   of phthalate content in PVC daily necessities

四 Conclusion


Toys (except electric toys) exporting to Canada do not require certification or pre-approval procedures, as long as they are tested by ISO/IEC 17025 certified laboratories in accordance with Canadian toy-related technical regulations and test methods, and the results meet relevant requirements. Electric toys need to have the conformity certification mark and be tested by a certification body recognized by the Canadian Standards Council. The certification mark indicates that the toy has been tested and complies with all relevant regulations under the Canadian Electrical Code

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